Discussion: Understand what information systems are Discussion: Understand what information systems are It is important to understand what information systems are and why they are essential for running and managing a business. The case studies below will provide you with an opportunity to review many of the concepts covered in this course. These case studies provide you with an opportunity to critically analyze events that are taking place in real-life organizations. This helps to develop your critical thinking and research skills as you research each of these scenarios. For this assignment, you will review four case studies. Then, in a PowerPoint presentation, you will evaluate the studies and respond to each of the questions below, using both critical thinking and theory as well as supporting documentation. Based on your reading of the case study “Can You Run the Company with Your iPhone?” on pages 9–10 of the textbook, discuss how emerging trends in technology are helping Network Rail improve railway performance and safety. Based on your reading of the case study “Enterprise Social Networking Helps Sanofi Pasteur Innovate and Improve Quality” on pages 41–42 of the textbook, discuss how information systems influenced the company’s organizational strategy. Critique their core information system applications from a business perspective. Analyze how information system projects are aligned with organizational goals and strategies. Based on your reading of the case study “Meltdown and Spectre Haunt the World’s Computers” on pages 309–310 of the textbook, discuss the ethical and security issues that could result from flaws in central processing unit (CPU) chip design. Assess their procedures for securing information systems. Based on your reading of the case study “AbbVie Builds a Global Systems Infrastructure” on pages 586 of the textbook, discuss the problems that the company was experiencing as a global enterprise and how the company was able to solve them. Explain their information technology infrastructure. Discuss information system solutions that can be applied to this issue. When formatting your PowerPoint presentation, do not use the question-and-answer format; instead, use bullets, graphics, and/or charts in your slides to identify important points, and then discuss those points in the speaker notes of each slide. Your PowerPoint presentation must be at least 12 slides in length (not counting the title and reference slides). You are required to use a minimum of three peer-reviewed, academic sources that are no more than 5 years old (one may be your textbook). All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; all paraphrased material must have accompanying in-text citations. 1. Link for page 9-10 https://online.vitalsource.com/#/books/97801351920… 2. Link for page 41-42 https://online.vitalsource.com/#/books/97801351920… 3. Link for pages 309-310 https://online.vitalsource.com/#/books/97801351920… 4. Link for page 586 https://online.vitalsource.com/#/books/97801351920… You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes. Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages. Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor. The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.